They were usually fined and sent to prison for 3 months; but because they were poor, they couldn't pay their fines --- so they were sentenced to an additional 3 months in prison and forced to work (to pay off their fines).
And where did they work for those 6 months? In coal mines, which were owned by the largest corporation in the world --- U.S. Steel.
We still use prison labor today, and we still have chain gangs doing public works (the argument being, we save the taxpayers money). But all it really does is just further undermine our wages.
The Shawshank Redemption was a great movie, because in the end, the warden got his just deserts ;)
* Oddly, one of California's
largest labor unions had join forces with a gun lobbyist to build more
prisons. To keep prison guards fully employed?
STUDY: Back in 1970, 65 percent of America’s families lived in “middle-income” situations. By 2008, only 43 percent of U.S. families lived in middle-income neighborhoods. Meanwhile, over that same period of time, the share of families living in either poor or rich neighborhoods essentially doubled.
And the more isolated the rich become, the more they withdraw into their own private worlds and the less interest they have in supporting public services that can benefit the wider community.
During Abraham Lincoln's time in 1860 Illinois, bricklayers, lawyers, stable owners, and managers all lived in the same areas, and were not much separated by wealth. Back then, “making it” meant earning an income able to support a family and have enough in reserve to sustain it through hard times at an accustomed level of prosperity.
Back then, the idea of "having enough" frequently trumped the ambition for "endless accumulation.”
Art Pope is a billionaire who owes his fortune to a discount store network his daddy built. He has spent over $40 million in recent years gerrymandering North Carolina, and for the first time in over a century, the state has a GOP governor, a conservative state Supreme Court majority, and a GOP-dominated state legislature --- all at the same time.
But Pope Other Short Tid-Bits
Other Short Tid-Bits