Sunday, August 2, 2015

Wages, Social Security and Perpetual Dynasty Trust Funds

(* Editor's Note: This was also posted at the Economic Populist as "Fed Up with Stagnant Wages and Corrupt Politicians")

For the past 40 years, our political leaders have not only allowed, but have deliberately effectuated economic polices that have crammed most of the profits generated by ordinary working people into the pockets of those at the very tippy-top of the income ladder — by conspiring against organized labor, giving preferential tax breaks to the very wealthy, and by allowing bad trade deals to offshore our best jobs.

And in a Catch-22, these politicians rigged the election system to keep themselves in power. Then afterwards, when they're done screwing us over while "serving" in government office, they go to work as corporate lobbyists to screw us over even more.

Now, because of stagnant wages over the last several decades (because are "job creators" are so cheap and greedy), both of the Social Security trust funds have been under-funded; while those who reaped most of the wealth, have escaped paying their fair share of taxes.

And despite all the evidence we have of income inequality, our crumbling infrastructure, our bankrupt cities, and the overall general decline of our nation — these same politicians continue to make a very dire situation for most Americans even worse.

That's why regular working people (on both the left and the right) are getting so fed up — and why people such as Bernie Sanders and Donald Trump have had such great public appeal; because they know we're fed up.

But aside from the few honest and selfless people in Congress, most of the rest of our government "leaders" don't seem to care one iota about the masses they're supposed to be representing — which would explain the historically low favorability rating of Congress; but still, most of these people just don't care. Like Donald Trump said:

These politicians ... they run, they lose, they win ... all they do is run. They don’t lose anything, they help themselves."

But George Carlin said it best starting at 2:25 into this video:

But for their own best interests and the interests of those that bought them (their biggest campaign donors, etc.), our politicians just continue to give the American people cheap lip service without ever getting anything meaningful accomplished. Just the opposite: Our "hope and change" president wanted fast-track to pass more bad trade deals. Can anyone blame most Americans for being fed up?

[End of daily diatribe. Now, on to the news...]

Blame Government Policies for the Economic Slowdown (July 30, 2015) by David Cay Johnston:

Companies are tightening their belts, with fewer perks and fringe benefits. An inadvertently leaked report showed that staff economists at the Federal Reserve are more pessimistic about the near future than the official Fed positions. And big companies with nowhere else to put their piles of cash are buying back their stock or buying up competitors, which means fewer well-paying management jobs. Yet hardly any of these reports citing official sources and economic data connect the dots to outline what’s behind this unwelcome trend in the US: government policies. Governments are helping big industries by diminishing competition, providing abundant cheap credit for speculation rather than investment, and failing to rein in price gouging. In turn, these policies produce a growing concentration of income and wealth at the top while the vast majority struggle with falling wages, flat incomes, job insecurity and a shrinking slice of investment assets.

And we can also blame our government for failing to act to raise tax revenues to fix our crumbling infrastructure and properly fund the Social Security trust funds (just to save the mega-wealthy a few more bucks.)

And speaking of trust funds ...via The Nation: These mega-rich "job creators" (such as the Walmart's Walton family) can now keep their wealth (tax-free) forever:

In our new age of inequality—the top 10 percent now own nearly 80 percent of all wealth ... A trust is empowered to carry out the last wishes of the deceased [such as leaving their wealth to someone in an inheritance]. Trusts have been once governed by something called the Rule Against Perpetuities, which places a roughly 100-year limit on how long they can exist. This prevents people with no connection to the living world from putting restrictions on our country’s wealth. But in recent years, the safeguard of time has been eroded ... We are experiencing a rapid rise of "dynasty trusts".

To take advantage of a change made to the tax code in the 1980s, states started to radically diminish ( or outright remove) the rule against perpetuities in the 1990s. This resulted in a race to the bottom, with states competing to see which could most effectively restructure their laws to benefit the rich. By 2003, states weakening these rules received an estimated $100 billion in additional trust business. Now, 28 states allow trusts to live indefinitely, or nearly so, creating what are called "perpetual dynasty trusts".

Dynasty trusts can also avoid taxes for the term of the trust. A generous multimillion-dollar tax exemption for trusts that skip a generation can be leveraged aggressively. And since the eventual death of the trust isn’t built in, a dynasty trust can buy houses and assets that are retained for descendants, tax-free, by the trust indefinitely. The wealthy can tie up their money, outside of any public obligation or scrutiny, forever.

Trusts aren’t the only way in which the dead will exercise more control in the future. A 1998 law extended copyright and patent protections far beyond the life of individual creators, and the Trans-Pacific Partnership trade agreement is set to extend that system overseas.

Of course, all Republicans want to completely eliminate the estate tax altogether — calling it a "death tax", even though dead people don't pay taxes — and neither do trust fund babies on their first $5 million (but grandma at the local diner has to pay tax on all her tips.)

STAGNANT WAGES

David Dayen at the Fiscal Times tells us why conservatives are so desperate to debunk the chart below regarding workers' wages (followed by some bullet points from his article):

Stagnant wages

  • Jeb Bush is basing his entire campaign on increasing economic growth, with the implicit assumption that the rising tide will lift all boats. If only the rich benefit from that rising tide, his entire economic rationale falls apart.
  • People trying to debunk this chart are using "average" rather than "median" wage compensation, which is like taking the average salary of five workers in a room when one of them is Bill Gates. The "average" salary will look pretty robust, even if the other four workers in that room are being paid the minimum wage.
  • Wages remained stagnant for the bottom 80 percent of workers, even if you include non-wage benefits [such as healthcare and Social Security].
  • Just like the difference between average and median compensation, the gap between the CPI [consumer price index] and the overall inflation rate is also indicative of a problem in the economy.
  • If productivity gains just leak out to the wealthy through financial engineering, all the growth in the world won’t benefit the typical worker. This is why conservatives are desperate to debunk this chart, because it upends their entire conception of low taxes on the wealthy and deregulation as the key to prosperity for all.

A FEW RELATED POSTS ON STAGNANT WAGES

U.S. Paychecks Grow at Record-Slow Pace (July 31, 2015) by the Associated Press via Al Jazeera

U.S. wages and benefits grew in the spring at the slowest pace in 33 years, stark evidence that stronger hiring isn't lifting paychecks much for most Americans ... The slowdown suggests that companies are still able to find the workers they need without boosting pay.

The Growing Gap between Real Wages and Labor Productivity (July 21, 2015) by Robert Z. Lawrence:

Since 1970, the real wages of US production workers have stagnated, despite the rapid growth in output per worker. This apparent disconnect between labor productivity and real wages is most dramatic when real output per hour is contrasted with real average hourly wages since 1970.

The Productivity to Paycheck Gap (April 2007 — 8 months before the Great Recession began) by Dean Baker at the Center for Economic Policy Research:

In short, the economy has seen a sharp upward redistribution of income over the last three decades with little obvious growth dividend. Policies that redistribute income upward, yet fail to increase growth, are very costly to the vast majority of the U.S. labor force.

According to a reader comment at Mark Thomas's blog:

"Between 1948 and 1980, real median family income increased by 110.2%, while between 1980 and 2013 real median family income increased by a mere 14.8% ... Men from 1980 on made no gains in median income." Source: Census

The Myth of Mobility (July 29, 2015) by Anne Kim at the Washington Monthly:

A new study finds that the best way to get ahead is to be born there. Surveys find that nearly two-thirds of Americans [very foolishly] believe that it’s still possible to start out poor in this country, work hard and become rich, while also discounting the value of family background and connections in achieving success.

HOW STAGNANT WAGES HAS AFFECTED SOCIAL SECURITY FUNDING

Via Dean Baker at the Center for Economic Policy Research (per the 2015 Social Security trustees report) wrote:

Wage growth is the key to the program's solvency for two reasons. The first is that the upward redistribution of wage income over the last three decades has played a large role in the projected shortfall. As income has been transferred from ordinary workers to those at the top of the wage distribution, a larger share of wage income has escaped taxation. When the Greenspan Commission set the cap for taxable wages in 1983, it covered 90 percent of wage income. Currently the cap only covers around 82 percent of wage income. If the cap had continued to cover 90 percent of wage income, the projected shortfall would be roughly 40 percent less than it is now.

The other reason why broadly based wage growth is key to the program's continuing solvency is that the burden of possible future tax increases would be much less consequential if most workers will share in the gains of economic growth. The Social Security trustees have projected that real wages will rise by more than 34 percent over the next two decades. (They are projected to rise by another 30 percent over the following two decades.) Even if the payroll tax is increased by three percentage points, it would take back less than one-tenth of the projected rise in before-tax wages if wage growth is evenly shared. On the other hand, if most of the gains from growth continue to go to those at the top end of the distribution, any tax increase will be a major burden.

As an aside: Rep. Becerra introduced legislation that would combine the Social Security Old Age and Disability Trust funds. Such a move would improve their solvency and ensure that America’s disabled workers and retirees can continue to receive their earned benefits well into the future. According to the 2015 Social Security Trustees report, the SSDI trust fund would no longer be able to pay full benefits in 2016 unless Congress takes action. Becerra’s bill would ensure that both remain solvent through 2033.

Editors' note: Of course, that's a little like robbing Peter to pay Paul. That's why the "cap" for Social Security taxes should be completely scraped (eliminated) and capital gains should also be taxed for Social Security, because all the new low-wage jobs and stagnant wages can't properly fund Social Security for the disabled and retirees — those who worked so hard to make the rich so rich to begin with.

As a second aside: Representative Mike Honda (CA) is introducing legislation that will require Social Security Cost of Living Adjustments (COLAs) to be based on the Consumer Price Index for the Elderly (CPI-E). This index more accurately reflects the actual cost of living for older Americans which can sometimes be higher because seniors spend more on housing and health care than the general population.

Editors' note: President Obama and other "Third Way" Democrats were willing to use chain-CPI for Social Security COLAs, reducing benefits for the disabled and retirees. But people such as Senators Bernie Sanders and Elizabeth Warren were against this — and they also want to raise the "cap" to EXPAND Social Security benefits.

* More info is at the Alliance for Retired Americans Legislative Conference 2015, where Senator Bernie Sanders (video) and House Minority Leader Rep. Nancy Pelosi (video) both spoke. It doesn't appear as though any Republicans were there.

RAISING THE MINIMUM WAGE IS ONLY A START

A minimum wage of $15 an hour for employees at fast-food chains should come by 2018 in New York City — and by 2021 in the rest of the state. Another measure to raise the minimum wage to $15 per hour is also slated to appear on the ballot in 2016 in Washington D.C. — raising the minimum wage just like they have in Seattle, San Francisco and Los Angeles — and soon New York.

But as usual, business groups are threatening job layoffs, automation to replace workers, and closing businesses. But not one single CEO said they might have to buy a smaller yacht or one less beachfront mansion — and they never say the won't be able to afford to buy out another company (or merge) with another multi-billion-dollar deal, just because they pay their employees too much.

And most of our government leaders will continue to appease and kow-tow to the super-rich, because they don't have the fortitude, the integrity and the moral character to regulate greed. So most Americans will have no choice but to be even more fed up ... until one day, when they eventually storm the ramparts with torches and pitchforks.

Saturday, August 1, 2015

Stagnant Wages Reason for Social Security Shortfall

"Wage Growth Continues to be the Key to Social Security Solvency"

Originally posted on July 24, 2015 by Dean Baker at the Center for Economic Policy Research

Friday, July 31, 2015

Chris Matthews, Barney Frank, trashing Bernie Sanders

Politico: MSNBC canceled three shows — “The Cycle,” “Now with Alex Wagner” and “The Ed Show” — as part of the push from opinion back toward "hard news."

Thursday, July 30, 2015

If Unions Endorse Clinton, Dems could lose White House

Labor Union gives Sanders Rousing Reception

Bernie Sanders wowed the audience at at a labor union conference Tuesday, calling them “brothers and sisters” and vowing to push an agenda they’ll like.

Wednesday, July 29, 2015

Hillary Clinton should drop out, or the GOP could win

Simply put, Hillary Clinton will divide the Democratic base during the primary the same way Bernie Sanders would if he ran as an Independent in the general election; and it is Bernie who has a better chance of beating any GOP nominee in 2016 — not Hillary Clinton.

Saturday, July 25, 2015

Republicans for Bernie Sanders: "What's NOT to like?"

Bernie Sanders for President 2016

The left-wing mainstream media may be "liberal" — but they're not "progressive" — as they seem more beholden to the Hillary Clinton fan club rather than to Bernie Sanders'.

Thursday, July 23, 2015

Trump: Politicians do what Lobbyists want

Here is a short edited transcript from the 2 minute video below of Donald Trump's interview with Anderson Cooper on CNN from July 22, 2015:

Tuesday, July 21, 2015

Rand Paul: Like Father, Like Son

As usual, the apple doesn't seem to fall very far from the tree. Ron Paul supported the elimination of all income tax and the IRS. While his son's tax plan isn't quite as radical, it's still disingenuous, because they're both selling snake oil to us.

Monday, July 20, 2015

Hillary Clinton Operatives Infiltrate Netroots Convention

Not really. The title of this post might have been named: "Black Lives Matter to Bernie Sanders". But one might wonder why a small group of people would want to rudely interrupt interviews with two of the very people who would advocate on behalf of the African-American population — and who might be the most likely to support their causes. It would seem a bit counter-productive to their ambitions.

Saturday, July 18, 2015

Elizabeth Warren: "The American people are Progressives"

Below is a 9 minute video of a few excerpts from Elizabeth Warren's recent 30-minute speech at the Netroots Nation annual convention in Phoenix Arizona (2015).